Eye Doctor: Everything That You Need to Know about Dry Eye Syndrome

Eye Doctor: Everything That You Need to Know about Dry Eye Syndrome

Nobody likes a scratchy or gritty sensation in the eyes. This sensation is most likely due to dry eye syndrome, which is an uncomfortable condition that occurs when you don’t produce enough tears to keep your eyes lubricated, keeping you from naturally removing irritants from your eyes. Currently, it affects an estimated 4.88 million Americans. The good news is there are many ways to treat and prevent dry eye syndrome. Fortunately, our eye doctors in Apex, NC can tell you everything you need to know about this condition.

dry eye syndrome

Causes

Dry eyes are generally a result of decreased production of tears or production of poor-quality tears that evaporate quickly, which can be caused by many factors. Some medical conditions that can lead to dry eyes are diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disorders, and vitamin A deficiency. Moreover, certain medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and drugs for birth control, can have side effects that cause dry eye syndrome. Aging is also a common cause of this condition. Environmental factors including smoke, dry air, and wind can aggravate the symptoms related to dry eyes.

Symptoms

The most frequent symptoms include a stinging, scratchy, or burning sensation in your eyes, eye redness, and pain. However, many people experience other symptoms such as sensitivity to light and stringy discharge in or around the eyes. As a result, activities that require visual attention for a sustained period of time can become difficult to manage.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of dry eye syndrome must be done by an experienced eye doctor, who will examine the amount of tears in your eyes, and study them with a bio microscope or a slit lamp. When examining your tears, the doctor will look for imbalances in tear composition, as dry eye syndrome is associated with poor tear quality. The specialist may also evaluate the exterior and interior of your eye to verify the diagnosis of dry eye syndrome.

Treatment and Prevention

Fortunately, there are many ways to prevent and treat dry eyes. Research shows that omega-3 fatty acids can help relieve symptoms, as it reduces eye inflammation and, thus, allows for adequate tear production. Fatty fish, walnuts, and flaxseed oil are foods rich in omega-3.

For mild symptoms, the use of artificial tears or eye drops can provide instant relief. Nonetheless, you can prevent dry eyes by taking breaks during long tasks that require visual concentration, wearing protective eyewear to shield your eyes from the wind when riding a motorcycle or bike, and using a humidifier indoors to add moisture to the air.

If you have been experiencing these symptoms for a long time, it’s best to visit an eye care center such as Clarity Vision in Apex, NC. An experienced eye doctor can help determine the causes of your symptoms and advise you on the correct course of action.

Sources:

Dry Eyes. Mayoclinic.org

Dry Eye Syndrome. Healthline.com

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